澳门永利集团网投

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        这个澳门永利集团网投很不错

        林育逵 发表于 2019-12-07 20:49:27  评论479条  阅读783次 

        澳门永利集团网投清河县建成全市首个宪法主题广场 ByZhangYongwei,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo120,sWindPowerIndustrySince2003,thecentralgovernmentpromulgatedtheRenewableEnergyLawofPeoplesRepublicofChinaanddrewupChinaRenewableEnergyDevelopmentPlantoimprovethe,aseriesofincentivemeasures,suchasthelaunchofwindpowerfranchiserightsbiddingandfavorablefiscalandtaxpolicies,greatlyenhancedthedevelo,sinstalled,weshouldalsoadmitthatprominentproblemsstillexistintheindustryandtheseproblemshavmechanism;seriousprojectsliceuptowinapprovalanddisorderlywindpowermarket(1)Theplanlac2007proposedtobringinstalledgrosscapacityofwindpowerto5GWin2010,;the11thFive-YearPlanforRenewableEnergyDevelopment,promulgatedin2008,plannedtobringtheinstalledgrosscapacityto10GWin2010,,thewindpowerinstallationplandoesnotfitwellwithotherdevelopmentplanssuchaspowergridconstruction,resourceexploration,,includingtheNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,NationalEnergyAdministration,ChineseAcademyofSciences,ChineseAcademyofEngineering,theMinistryofScienceandTechnologyandPowerGridCorporation,areallinvolvedinthewindpowerplanning,rketdevelopmentiftherewerenounitedandcoordinatedmediumandlong-termdevelopmentplanofwindpower.(2),theNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionisinchargeofwindpowerprojectconstructionabove50,000kw,andlocalgovernmentsareresponsiblefortheonesbelow50,,somelocalgovernmentsandinvestmententerprisescircumventthestateapprovalbysplittingbigconstructionplan,000kwcapacityissplitintomorethan6smallerones(Eachonelessthan50,000kw).“Smallwindpowerprojects”directlyapprovedbylocalgovernmentblossomeverywhere,nwillfurtherintensifytheconflictbetweenwindpowerandpowergrids.(3)Projectwinsatenderwithlowpricewhiledeveloperscareforscaleratherthaneffectiveness,andtheypursue“quickstartandlargescale”.Thefactthattheonewhooffersthelowestbiddingpricewillwinthespecialdevelopmentrightsmakedevelopersnottoconsidercurrentprojectbenefit,“enclosemarketsharesbymakingpreemptiveinvestments”and“occupywindenergyresources”.Temptedbytheirrationalinvestmentimpulsion,developersintentionallypulleddowntheirbidrosssubsidization,,evingdiversifiedwindpowerdevelopment,introducinginvestmentthroughmarketmechanismanden,mostenterprisesfailtoimprovetheirowntechnologyanddontownthekeytechnologyWithhugemarketdemandforwindpowerequipmentsandmanufacturingcapacity,Chinanowhasdevelopedacompleteindustrychainforwindpowerequismore,Chinahasmasteredthebasicproducingtechnologyofmegawattwindturbineandcanbatchproducenon-keypartssuchasblade,,localenterprisesinChinahaventmasteredthekeytechnologyinwindturbinedesign,largewindturbinebearing,s,,,intheinternationalmarket,windturbinecontrolsystemoccupieslessthan8%swindturbinecontrolsystemisbasicallyimportedfromDenmarkandAustria,notonlyourcostsaremorethandoubled,butth,lackingnormalmanagementmeasuresforwindpowerfarmconnection,productstandard,certificationandsupervisionAlthoughwindpowerdevelopsrapidlytheseyears,obviouslyitlagsbehsRepublicofChinahasexcessivelylooseregulationsonwindpowergridconnection,whichdoesntmetificationsystemonwindpowerequipmentsintime,hydevelopmentofwindpowerindustry,connectionmanagementmeasuresofwindpowerfarm,whichadaptstoChinesepowergridcharacteristicsandlargewindpowergeneration,werstandards,whichisu,certificationisnotmandatory,,DenmarkandIndia,relevantcertificationinwindpowerfieldismandatory,andallwindturbinescant,butpromotestechnologyaccumulationandrealizethedestinatitprovidemodelparametersnowandareunabletomeettherequiremenrgescale,ifrelevanttechnologystandardswerenotperfectedandhealthycertificationsupervisionsystemwerenotimproved,windpowermarketfloodinglotsofbad-qualityequipmentswouldbringcatastrophicresult.HanJunChina,theruralreformhasattainedgreatsuccessandbroughthistoricalchangestotheoutlookofChinaseconomicreform,offeredexperiencesfortheestablishmentofasocialistmarketeconomy,laidthefoundationforafastandcontinuousdevelopmentofnationaleconomy,andservedasapilotdriveforseconomyandsocietyhaveenteredanewdevelopingperiod,ruralreformremainsthekeyfieldforChinasreform,andruraldevelopmentisstillthestrategicfoundationofChinapmentofruralproductivityhasbeenestablishedPriortoreformandopeningup,agriculture,ruralareasandfarmersinChinawerefetteredbythepeople,farmerscouldntenjoytheirrighttoproduceandexchangeagriculturalproductsandtodisposetheirincome,whichhadaffectedfarmers,thestatemonopolizedpurchaseandmarketingandfarmerscouldn,thepricesofagriculturalproductswerenotdecidedbythe,,peopleabolishedthepeoplescommunesystemandestablishedatwo-layermanagementsystemfeaturingtheintegrationofcentralizationanddecentralizationmanagementonthebasisofthehouseholdcontractresponsibilitysystem,,,thenewcirculationmodeofagriculturalprodholesalemarkethasstimulatedtheemergenceoffactormarketsonland,,,peopletransformedthesinglecollectiveownershipintovariousprivateownerships,structurearebeingcontinuouslyoptimizedBeforereformandopeningup,ittookalmost29yearstoincre,itonlytook18yearstora,theagriculturalstructurehasundergoneobviouschanges,fromtheformertypefocusingongrainproductiontoacomprehensiveandall-rounddevelopmentofagriculture,forestry,,theproportionoftheaddedvalueofcropproductiontotheaddedvalueofagriculturehasdroppedfrom80%%;theproportiontoforestry,%%;animalhusbandry,hasincreasedfrom15%%;fishery,%%.Withabundantsupplyofagriculturalproducts,bothu%oftheworld%sentryintotheWTO,theexportofcompetitiveagriculturalproductshasincreasedrapidly,sources,thetradingvolumeofChinasagriculturalproductsmountedfromUS$$,endwhilet,Chinahasbecom,secondary,andtertiaryindustryofagriculturewasadjustedfrom84::::,,theoutputvalueoftownshipe,theiroutputvaluesurpassedtheagriculturaloutputvalueforthefirsttimeandaccountedforahalf,%,theproportionoftheindustrialoutputvalueoftownshipenterprisesinthenationalgrossindustrialoutputvaluehasalsogrownrapidly,%%in1984,%in1992,,theruralindustrialaddedvaluewasRMB4,780billionyuan,%ofthecountryfastenedthepaceofthecountryscomprehensiveagriculturalmechanizationlevelofplowing,seedingandharvestingpostedabigjump,%in1978to41%%,,,(15muequalsonehectare)sagriculturehadincreasedfrom27%in1978to49%,onlyasmallpartofrurallaborforce,theproportionoftheagriculturaloutputinthecountry%%.However,theproportionofrurallaborforceamongChina%%duringthesameperiod,,hipenterprisesintheirhometowns,,thenumberofemployeesoftownshipenterpriseshadreached135million,representinganincreaseof100millioncomparedwiththen,thespeedoftownshipenterprisesabsorbingsurpluslaborhassloweddown,,therewereabout150millionpeopleworkingintownshipenterprises,representing28%,%from1978%.%oflaborersareemployedinnon-agriculturalsectors,%...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLongGuoqiang,Re,2008Chinasprocessingtrade,whichwasinitiatedin1979,nowaccountsforhalfofthecountryngandupgradingofprocessingtrade,,itisofmajorpracticalsignificancetosummarizethehistoricalexperienceindevelopingprocessingtradeandtoconsiderthedirectionofandpolicyonthefuturerestructuringandupgradingofprocessingtradeatatisOpening-upStrategyAfterChinabeganreformandopeningup,itadjusteditseconomicdevelopmentstrategy,switchingfromthe"importsubstitution"strategyundertheplannedeconomytothestrategyof"combiningimportsubstitutionwithexportorientation".Inotherwords,thecapitalandtechnology-intensivesectorswouldcontinuetopursuetheimportsubstitutionstrategy,whiexchangesfortheimportsubstitutionsectorstoimporttechnologies,,thecoregoalofChina"earningforeignexchangesthroughexport",China,thegovernmentadopteddiversemeasurestoencourageexport-orientedprojects,suchasestablishingspecialeconomiczones,improvinginfrastructure,offeringpreferentialta,itsetperformancerequirementsfortheforeign-investedprojects,mainlyconcerninglocalcontents,,itcuttheincometaxbyhalffortheexport-orientedenterprises(whoseexportexceeded70%ofitsoutputvalue).OneoensiveindustriesinJapanandotherEastAsianemergenteconomieswerelooki"massimportsandmassexports".TheymustimporttheirrawmaterialsandsparepainvestedprojectsbecameakeyfactorforwhetherChinacouldseizetheoppor,Chinasimportsubstitutionsectorsst,hightariffsandothertradebarriersobstrueensurethelow-costoperationsinChinaoftheexport-orientedforeign-investedprojectsTheChinesegovernmentintroducedapolicyonprocessingtrade,whichmeanttherawmaterialsandsparepartsimportedbyenterprisesforexport-orientedprocessingwereexemptfromtheimportdutiesandimporttaxes(theyweremainlytheproducttaxbefore1994andthevalue-addedtaxandconsumptiontaxlateron).ThispolicyeliminatedtheobstructionofChinashightariesticindustries,thedepartmentsinchargeofcustoms,inspectionandquarantinealsoconstantlyimprovedtheirregulations,greatlyfaci,,Chinahasbeenthelargestforeigninvestmentattractoramongthedevelopingcountriesintheworld,withit,,71%,Chinaimposedvar,mostoftheforeigninvestmentsinChina%,ChinacouldnothavebeensosuccesssprocessingtradehasplayedtangiblerolesindevelopingChina,theindustrializationandeconomicdevelopmentofdevelopingcountriesisrestrictedbylowexportcompetitiveness,whichresultedfromlowcomp,Chinahasisesintechnology,management,equipment,marketingchannelsandbrandswiththecountrysadvantagesinlabor,landcostandinfrastructure,ChinaturneditselfrsexportandbecomethemostimportantformofChinasForeignTrade(2007)

        Accordingtotheindicessuchastheproportionofoverseasturnoversinthecompany’stotalturnovers,globalresourcesdistributionandoperationalcapability,enterprises’overseasoperationcouldbeclassifiedintothreestages–internationalized,,throughitspreliminarystudy,holdsthatChina’senterpriseswithoverseasoperationarebasicallyattheprimaryinternationalizedstage,asmallportionofenterpriseshasstartedtheirtransnationaloperation,andofthem,a’sentelizedoperationsarewidelydistributedamongtheindustries,andsomehighlyexport-orientedenterprisesinallindustriesarealmostatthisstage,alindustries,manyenterprises’proportionsoftheiroverseasmarkethavegrownconsiderably,manyenterpriseshavetheirownindependentdepartmentsresponsibledirectlyfortheirexports,andsomeenterpriseshavetheirownoverseasm’senergy,steel,andchemicalindustries,somelarge-scaleenterpriseshaveinvestedinoverseasresourcebases,manyenterprisesareconductingexportandoverseasoperations,,telecommunicationsandtrade,somelarge-scalecompanieshavemanyoverseasnetworkoutletsandbusinessactivities,theirmainbusinesses,however,ibutedintheindustrieswhicharehighlyinternationalizedandinwhichChina’senthaveaccountedforabigproportionoftotalbusinesses,andtheyhaveestablishedtheirmarketingser,electronic,’senterprisesinthiscategoryareusuallyhighlycompetitiveonthematuredoverseasmiddleandlow-grademarket,,andtheamountanddepthoftheiroverseasmarketingandmanufacturingnetworks,asmallnumberoflargeenterprisesinChina’sIT,electronicandelectromechanicalindusbalresources,however,theseenterprises,Huawei,TCLandHaierintheITandelectronicindustriesandWanxiangintheautomobilepartsindustryareactuallypioneeringenterprisesinthemoveofChina’,Lenovo,TCLandHaierhaveallcarriedoutmergerandacquisitionactivitiesontheoverseasmarket,andWanxianghasbeguntomakeinvestmentoverseasfrom1992andhasacquir’sEnterprisesCarryoutTransnationalMergerandAcquisition:AnObservationandPreliminaryAnalysisTransnationalMAisanimportantwayforente,China’senterprises,especiallyforthoseenterprisesintheautomobile,IT,electronic,energyandsteelindustries,lytoobtainnaturalresources,andtransnationalMAbyenterprisesintheautomobi,particularlyMAactivitiesforthepurposeofobtainingnaturalresources,themajorityofdomesticpeoplecouldunderstandtheirmotivationsandconditions,,becausetheymainlytargetattheoverseasmarketandmainlyacquireintangibleassetssuchasbrands,channelsandRDteams,orinotherwords,softassets,peopleinCmarketshares,includingthehigh-endmarketshare,’businessoperationsbyChineseenterprisesisa"frog-leap",andthenormalprocessshouldbeexports→establishmentofoverseasmarketingnetworks→establishmentofoverseasplants→ionalMAbyChineseenterprisesismainlytoacquiremarket(clients,channels),andthenstrategicassets(includingtechnology,brands,localservicecapability,manufacturingcapability,intellectualpropertyrightsandRDcapability)andefficiencyoflargescaleproduction(synergeticeffect).ThoseMAactivitiesaremainlyMAintermsofstockandassets,butinessence,ghtrelationshipafterMA,andtheseniormanagementsfrombothpartiesjointlyformtheseniormanagementofthenewcompany,anditismainlya"friendlyMA."TheWanxiangCompanyintheautomobilepartsindustryconductedseveraloverseasMA,forexpandingandaccumulatingknowledgeabouttheoverseasmarket,China’slargeenterprises’overseasoperations,China’slargeenterprisesconductoverseasMAmainlyaimedatobtainingmarketshareandstrategicassets,andimprovingefficiency(SeeTable2),whichenjoythesimilarmotivationoftheITenterprises’,particularlyadvancedenterprisesamongthem,begintoconductoverseasMAbeforebuildingastrongerfootholdonthedomesticmarketThepreliminaryanalysisofChina’sITenterprisesfoundthattherearethreemajorreasonsforChina’senterprisestobegintransnationalMAbeforebecomingstrongeronthedomesticmarket:China’senterprises’certaincomparativeadvantagesinsomefields,strategicchoiceconformtothechangesinindustrialenvironment,andtheawarenessandentrepreneurshiptoseizetheglobalizedopportunities.完美游戏官方网站我市举办2019年农田灌溉水有效利用系数测算分析工作培训班 LiuShijinInJuly2007,theThirdAdvancedTrainingCourseStudiesonChineseEnterpriseManagementwasjointlysponsoredbytheOrganizationDepartmentoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina,theDevelopmentResearch,professorsfromCambridgeUniversity,CopenhagenBusinessSchoolandotheracademicinstitutions,andleadersfromseveralreputedmultinationalsgavelecturesandhelddiscussionsonissuesrelatedtomacroeconomicmanagement,industrialdevelanddiscussions,thispaperwilloffersomeideasandsuggestionsonthereformanddevelopmentofChinesestate-ownedenterprises(SOEs).rsities,,risingcountriesshouldchoosepro,theoutcomeofitsdevelopmentandimpactsontheirprospectsoffuturedevelopmentwouldbedifferent,complicated,,DeputyChiefEditorandChiefEconomicCommentatoroftheLondon-basedFinancialTimes,arguedthattheeffortstorestoreafreeinternationsintheColdWar,,reducedpoverty,onpurchasingpower,thenumberofpeoplewithanaveragedailylivingexpenditurebelowUS$,,,theaveragevalueofthelogarithmiccoefficientofvariability,avalueusedtoindicatetheinequalitybetweenpeople,,however,thoughtotherwise,arguingthatiftheimpactsofdevelopmentinChinaareexcluded,niversitypointedoutthatinthepast20years,developedcountriesandtheinternationalbodiesundertheircontrolputgreatpressureondevelopingcountries,forcingthelattertousefreetradeandothergoodpoliciesandinstallstrictpatentlawsandother‘good,allthedevelopedcountriesinthepresent-dayworldhaveresortedtomeasures,theyevendidnothaveanythinglikedemocracy,centralbank,patentlaw,full-timecivilservicestaff,,noneofthese‘goodpoliciesorsystemshaseverp,thionalbodiesundertheircontrolintheconditionstheyusuallyattachtotheirbilateralandmultilateralfinancialaidtodevelopingcountriesandrewritingofWTOrulessothatdevelopingcountriescanusetoolssuchastariffsands,,butnotinthewayofenforcingacompletesetoffixedsysteminallcountriesortryingitoutinahableconditionstoexploitinternationalresourcesandmarketsandprovideso,arisingdevelopingcountry,isconcerned,therealordealiswhetheritcanfullyunderstandandconformtothetrendandinternallawoftheongoingglobalizationandfollowdifferentdevelopmentmodelsatdifferentstagesthatsrncountries,TheThirdModelfocusingonimprovementofthecompetitivenessofhumancapitaldevelopedbyDenmarkandotherNorthEuropeancountriesdeservepublicattentionItisusuallybelievedthatWesterncountrieshaveroughlyadoptedtwotypesofmodelsintheireconomicdevelopment,namely,theliberalmarketeconomy(LME)andthecooperativemarketeconomy(CME).Intheformercase,theroleofmarketcompetitionasaregulatorofeconomicactivitiesisemphasized,andeconomicleniency,lowtaxes,minimalgovernmentexpenditures,andlittlespendingonbenefits,inparticular,,Britain,,extensivegovernmentinterferenceineconomyisemphasized,,specificmechanismsarecreatedfortheestablishmentofcomparativelystablerelationsbetweencapitalandlabor,betweencompanies,,Germany,France,Spain,,DirectoroftheInternationalBusinessandPoliticsCenterofCopenhagenBusinessUniversity,heldthatathirdmodelintegratingandoverextendingthecharacteristicsoftheabove-mentionedtwotypesofdevelopme,forinstance,Denmarkranksfirstintheworldintermsoftheratioofmembershipintradeunions,,itsworkersenjoyprotectionfromcapital-laboragreementsreachedbetweendifferentgroupsofinterests,andaccesstounemploymentinsurance,,thelabormarketpolion,anditsoveralllevelofemploymentprotectioncomesnearthatinBritain,Canada,NewZealand,AustraliaandsomeothercountriesfollowingtheLMEmodel,althoughfallsbelowthatinSwedenandGermany,sprivatesector,theemployeeenjoysonlylimitedemploymentprotection,whiletheemployerenjoysboundlessrightstoemployanddismissworkers,,theDaneschangetheirworkfrequently,,somewhatsimilartothecaseintheUnitedStatesandBritainandonlyhalfofthedurationinGermany()andSweden().TheflexibilityoftheDanish,Denmarkworkedoutandestablishedinlegalformaseriesofpoliciesonitslabormarketforthepurposeofhelpingitsunemployedtoreceivetraining,tolearnnewskills,,Denmarksoutlayforimplementationofitsactivelabormarketprogramagainst,itsworkerscanmovefromonecompanyorjobtoanotherwithcomparativelygreaterease,addingnewforcetotheflexibilityofitslabormarket....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

        CEObbin游戏Data:ChinaIndexResearchInstituteIn2008,affectedbytheoperationlawoftherealestate,theworseninginternationaleconomicsituationandtheChinesedomesticmacro-economicadjustment,salesbytherealestateenterprisesdeclinedatlarge,butthesalesbyth,,%,yearonyear,,%,%.%%.,powerful,large-scaledandresponsibility-assumingenterpriseshaveturnedupTheleadingrealestateenterprisesarelargeinscale,growingfast,profit-makingandhavesoundfinancialsystems,,theaverageassetvolume,businessincomeandnetprofitofthetop4enterprises(includingVanke,ZhonghaiRealEstate,HopsonandPolyRealEstateGroup),;theannualaveragegrowthrateoftheiraverageaggregateassets,businessincomeandnetprofitsince2003reached70%,50%and81%,withtheannualaveragegrowthrateofitsaggregateassets,businessincomeandnetprofitreaching116%,90%and114%respectively,andtheannualaveragegrowthrateoftheaggregateassets,businessincomeandnetprofitoftheflagshipenterpriseVankealsoreached75%,53%and73%,respectively,allbeingmuchhigherthantheaverageoftherealestateindustryandtheaverageofthetop100enterprises;theaverageaggregatereturnrateonassetswasequivalenttothatofthetop100enterprises,butthenetprofitratewashigher;theasset-liabilityratiowasbetween63%~65%,beingapparentlylowerthantheaverageofthetop100enterprises;sincethereleaseoftheresearchfindingsontop100enterprisesin2004,enterpriseslikeVanke,ZhonghaiRealEstateandHopsonrankedamongthetop5inthemain(Table4).盘锦市审计局 动态要闻 国家自然科学基金课题《基于云架构的商业银行审计大数据标准体系构建研究》顺利结题 茗彩app下载安装ByChenChangsheng,DepartmentofMacroeconomicResearch,theDRCHighsavingsrateisanimportantfactortosupportChina,anundulyhighsavingsratecancauseinsufficientconsumption,whichhasalsobecomeaprominentproblemaffectingthegrowthofChina,itcanhardlyworkouttarge,itshouldanalyzethestructuralfeaturesofpersonalsavings,andidentifywhichsectors,whatmassgroupsanrsWasMainlyAttributedtoHigherCorporateandGovernmentSavingsWhileRateofPersonalSavingsOnlyWentUpbyaNarrowMarginThechangestothefundflowtablewhichcanbestreflectthestructureofnationalincomedistributionindicatethatChina%%in2005(Chinabegantocompilefundflowtablein1992,andtheta).Thestructureofprimarydistributionindicates:first,theproportionoflaborpayrelatedtoaddedvaluehasbeenonthedecline,at62%in1993,47%in2004andslightlyhigherin2005;second,althoughpersonalsavingsratealsowentupslightly,itsproportionintotalsavingshasbeendroppingandthoseofenterprisesandgovernmentdepartmentshavebeenvisiblyrisingandpostinghighercontributionrates(Table1).Inparticular,orchangesinthepersonalincomerecei,therehavebeenetotheincomeofgovernmentdepartments(Table2).Meanwhile,ChinasGiniCoefficientcontinuedtorise,lyimprovedtheincomeofther,tosomeextent,me(%)国家税务总局深圳市税务局

        ,economyhasgrownatahigherlevelandtendstoaccelerate;therehasbeenaboomingdemandonChinesedomesticmarket,investmenthasincreasedfasterandconsumptionhasbeenmorevigorous;foreigntr,accelerationofeconomicgrowthhasbeenbroughtundercontrol,,%%,theChineseeconomycontinueditshighergrowth,%year-on-year,,,%、%、%%,,,theoverallleveloftheeconomicgrowthwashigherthanlastyear,,fixedassetinvestmentofthewholesocietyamountedto10987billionyuan,%againstlastyear,,,%,ns,%fromJanuarytoApril,%fromJanuarytoMay,%fromJanuarytoJune,%fromJanuarytoJuly,%fromJanuarytoSeptember,%fromJanuarytoNovember,showi,totalretailvalueofsocialconsumergoodsamountedto7641billionyuan,%againstlastyear,rgoods,theratewas13%fromJanuarytoApril,%fromJanuarytoMay,%fromJanuarytoJune,%fromJanuarytoJuly,%fromJanuarytoSeptember,%fromJanuarytoNovember,tasalltheyearround,%,%,%,%.,%againstlastyear,,,%;,%.Withimportandexportvolumesoffsettingeachother,,%,,%,%,%,,industrialenterprisesabo,%.Tosumup,economicgrowthpresentedapatternofgrowingfast,,%in2007,%-%,,%ratepossiblyobtainedbyacountryunderthegivenavailabletechnologiesandresou-2006,GDPgrowthrateofChinawere10%,%,%%respectively,alwaysremainingabove10%andslightlyincreased;atthesametime,-2006,%,%,%respectively;%,%%,itcanbethoughtthattodatetheeconomicgrowthhasneversurpassedthepotentialgrowthrateand,intermsofemployment,,howtofigureoutChinascurrentpotentialeconomicgrowthratehasbecomea,whenChinasucceededinrealizingthe"softlanding"ofitseconomy,thereexistedaconsistentcognitionthatthepotentialgrowthrateoftheChineseeconomyremainedaround7-8%.Butlater,theinsufficientdemandandovercooleconomythatcameintobeingduring1998-2000provedthattheeconomicgrowthrateof7-8%isonthelowsideagainstthepresentdevelopmentinChina,especiallyagainsttheenormouspressureofemployment(theaverageannualeconomicgrowthrateduring1998-%).Around2001-2006,%,-2000,accordingly,thehouseholdconsumerpriceindexgrewfrom-%%.Onthewhole,suchachangewaspositive,quickeningeconomicgrowth,ound10%.Ifinconsiderationofthecurrentsocialfundsurplus(prodigiousamountofbankdeposits,hugeamountsofforeignexchangereserve,etc.),laborsurplus(ahugepressureofemployment),andthegoodtechnicalelementstosupporttheproductioncapacity;andinconsiderationoftheabilityformarketadjustmentandsupplygrowthbeingheightened(alsotheabilityoftheenterprisesbeingenhancedinindependentdevelopment),itcanbethoughtthattheChinesepotentialeconomicgrowthrateshouldbeslightlyhigherthan10%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.中国银监会关于印发商业银行内部审计指引的通知 ByDengYusong,InstituteofMarketEconomy,DevelopmentResearchCenter(DRC)ResearchReportNo023,er2008,tocopewiththeinternationalfinancialcrisisandthedrasticdeclineofsalesonchinasdomesticrealestatemarket,theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilunveiledtheOpinionsonPromotingtheSoundDevelopmentoftheRealEstateMarketandcarriedoutfastimesincetheimplementationofthepolicies,,,%,,thesalestoconstructionratioofcommercialhousing1c,thesalestoconstructionratioremainedaround62%inChina,the,withtherapidincreaseofthesalesvolume,during2005-2007,thesalestoconstructionratiowentupto80%orsoandthepricerisebecamedrastic,,asreductionofsalesofcommercialhousingwidenedmonthbymonthandtheareaunderconstructioncontinuedtoincreaserapidly,,%,andthenationw,withtherapidincreaseofthesalesvolumeofcommercialhousing,,%,beingslightlyhigherthanthepeakvalueduring2005-2007,suggestingtheappearanceofaerapidincreaseofthesalesofcommercialhousing,thehousingsalespricesin70largeandmedium-sizedcitiesacrossthecountrywitnessedapositivegrowthsinceMarch2009ascomparedtopreviousperiods,%inDecember,beingthehighestsince2008;inJune,thehousingpricesturnedfromnegativetopositivefromayearearlier,%inDecember,yearonyear,,in2009,theaveragehousingpriceamountedto4,500yuan/M2,upby900yuan/M2ascomparedtothatof2008,,citieswhereriseofpricesofnewly-builthomeshasexceededthenationalaveragemainlyincludesuchfirst-tiercitiesasShenzhen,Hangzhou,,thehousingprice-to-incomeratio,theprice-to-rentratioandthehousingaffordabilityinsomecitieslikeBeiji,atpresentthehousingprice-to-incomeratioinBeijingisbeingover50%higherthantheratiorecordedduring1998-2006,,seofhousingpricesandtherapidincreaseofthesalesvolumehavegivenrisetothecontinuousincreaseof,,%,,%,yearonyear;theaccumulativerateofincreaseofthehousingareaunderconstructionth,%fromayearago.常德市社会科学界联合会 科普活动 LongGuoqiangHowwillglobalsupplychainschangeundertheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisisWhatopportunitiesandchallengeswillthesechangesbringtoChinaWhatpositivemeasuresshouldChinataketosee(DRC)setupaionalcompanies,madecasestudiesontheChina-basedenterprisesofPhilipsandBoeing,issuedquestionnairestoover1,500foreign-investedenterprises,,thetaskforcealsosolicitedop,astthreedecades,theformationandexpansionofglobalsupplychainshas,,theincreasinglyfiercemarketcompetitionhasforcedmultinationalcompaniestofullytapthecomparativeadvantagesofvariouscountriesandre-arrangetheirproduction,marketing,,thevigorousadvanceintradeandinvestmentliberalizationhasgr,therevolutionaryadvanceintechnologyandmlogisticshasgreatlyreducedthecostoftransnationaloperationsandgivenastrongpushtothemod,ericanfamilies,the"re-manufacturing"pursuedbydevelopedcountries,thenewdevelopmenttrendsoflow-carboneconomyandgreeneconomyarisingfromclimateissues,thenew-roundtechnologicalrevolutionarisingfromthefinancialcrisis,theresurgeoftradeprotectionismandthenewtechnologicaltradebarrierssuchas"carbontariff",theadjustmentoftheglobalpatternofeconomicdevelopmentarisingfromtherapiddevelopmentofemergingeconomies,theglobalovercapacityandfiercercompetition,theadjustmentoftherulesonglobalfinance,tradeandinvestment,andthesforglobalsupplychainswil,thebasictrendofglobaltradeandinvestmentliberationisunlikelytochangeandso,multinationalcompanieswillinternationalizetheirRDactivitiesandserviceoutsourcingandwilndbrincrisisera:First,,theconsumerdemandgrowthindevelopedcountrieswillslowdown,thedemandinemergingeconomieswillgrow,thepartialovercapacitywillbecomemoreprominent,,thepost-crisisacquisitionsbetweendevelopedeconomiesarelikelytobeserio%ofthesurveyedenterprisessaytheirinvestmentinChinawillnot%%,theenterprisesinemergingeconomieswilltaptheiramplefundingstrengthandcanintegrateglobalsupplychains,,70%ofthesurveyedenterprisesbelievenewenergiesandlow-carboneconomywillbr,overhalfofthesurveyedenterprisesholdthatcarbontariffandotherme,globalsupplychainsmaybecomemorespatiallyco,"globalsupplychainswillcontinuetodevelopandthestatusofregionalsupplychainswillrise".Third,lsupplychainsofmultinationalcompanies,ercostfactorssuchasprocurement,logisticsandmanagementisrising,,market-orientedsupplychainswillbecomemoreimportantwhilelowcostwillcontinuetobetheprimaryconsiderationwhenmultinationalcompaniesarrangetheipansion,globalsugestoChinaThankstotheeffectiveandpropermeasurestakenbytheChinesegovernmentaftertheoutburstoftheglobalfinancialcrisis,ernalmarkets,mostof,Chinassta,GeneralMotorshasrelocateditsglobaloperationsheadquarterstoShanghai,smostimportantmanufacturingbase,butalsotheworld,itwillbecometheworldssecondlargesteconomyandtheworld,Chinasappealtomultinat,thetopfiveratedbythesurveyedenterprisesarerespectively"domesticmarketpotential","soundinfrastructure","laborcost","thelevelofadmissionforforeigninvestments",and"industrialconcentrationandsupportcapacity".Marketappealhassurpassedlow-costlabortobecomeChina,theintegrationandadjustmentofglobalsupplychainswillbringmajoropportunitiestoChina:

        ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo001,2010Despitetheunprecedentedshockfromtheinternationalfinancialcrisisandtheseriousimpactofnaturaldisasters,Chinas,farmersincomerosefairlyfastforthesixthconsecutiveyear,moremigrantruralworkerswereemployed,ruralsocialundertakingsscoredmajorprogressindevelopment,ruralreformadvancedtangibly,andinpar,thegoodconditionsfacingagricultureandruralareasweremajorachievementsresultingfromtheeffortsmadebyvariousdepartmentsindifferentfields,whichprovidedasolidfoundationforfastandsteadyeconom,theworkconcerningagriculture,rformanceofag,inventoryisabundantandgrain-growingefficiencyislow,thetend,grainproductionwitnessedtwodrasticfallsagainstthebackdrop,signalsarenotstrongandnomeasuresaretakentoguaranteegrain-growingacreage,grainproductionishigh,internationalgrainmarketisvolatileindemand-supplyrelationshipandChinacanhardlychangethef,akeypoingpolicyintroducedin,,China,byrelyingonoldfacilitiesfortoolongatime,hastomakealotofrenovations,,thecountrywillfinditdifficulttostabilizegrainproductioncapacities,,Chinashouldcarryoutfarmlandwaterconservancyworksinabigwayandinparticularitshoulddras,thecentra,allfarmlandwaterconservancyworks,,thestat,inbothabsoluteandrelativeterms,~2008period,farmers%%.,theruralpercapitanetincomewas5,153yuan,%,theurbanpercapitadisposableincomewas17,175yuan,%:1in2002,:,::,farmers%,%ofthe,thepricesoffarmproductsasawholefaceadownturnpressureandboththenumberofmigrantruralworkersandtheirwagelevelarediffi,Chinashouldfirstimplementpricepoliciestosupportcotton,pig,dairy,oilseed,sugarandothermajorproducts,andsecondcontinuetoencour,theiremployme,itistooearlytosaythereisan“overalllaborshortage”.However,thegovernmentshouldstrengthenservicesrequiredforfarmerstoseekemploymentoutsidetheirnativeplaces,Chinashouldincreasesubs,Chinashouldintensifysupportforfarmersintheoldrevolutionarybases,ethnicareas,hankstothestatepolicytoboostruralconsumption,ruralconsumerdemandbecamevisiblyhigherin2009,withtheretailofconsumergoodsbeipossessionofmainconsumerdurableswasfarlowerthanintheirurbancounterparts,surbanpersonalconsumptionstructureindicatethatruralconsumptionisswitchingfromfoodandclothingtohousingandtransportationandther,theruralsaleofhomeappliances,esshouldberaised,theirvarie,supportingfarmerstobuildhomesandimprovehousingco,ruralhousingconsumptionwasabout500billionyuan,%oftotalruralconsumption,%,,thecentralfinanceallocated4billionyuantosupport800,,,homesarestrawandclaystructures,,nandthedevelopmentofdecoration,homeappliance,furniture,“ruralnewhomeproject”islaunchednationwideandifruralroad,watersupply,drainage,sewagetreatment,garbagetreatment,methanegeneration,gassupply,heatsupplyandotherscientific,educational,culturalandhealthfacilitiesareconstructed,itwillgreatlyimprovetheruralenvironmentf,HebeiandZhejiangProvincesaswellasTibetAutonomousRegionhavemadethefirstmoveinthisrespectandaccumulatedexperienceinsupportingruralhousingconstructionwithcredit,buildingmaterial,land,,Tibetb,over200,000familieshavemovedintonew,eParty,conditionsareadequateforChinatolaunchadriveforruralhomeconstruction,whichcanbetakenasanimportantleveragetoexpandruraldem,,power,roadandgassystemsshouldbeimprovedandruralinformationtechnologyapplicationshouldbepromotedinabigway,anewroundofruralpowergridtransformationshouldbelaunched.long8龙8最新登陆遂宁市市场监督管理局2019年专利资助公示 HanJun,XuXiaoqing,GuoJianjun,YuBaoping,QinZhongchun,ZhangYunhuaFanXuezhiResearchReportNo97,2010After30yearsofreformandopening-up,Chinasoverallnationalstrengthissignificantlyimproved,andChinahasenteredthestagewhereindustrypromotesagricultureandurbanareaselevateruralareaswithsignificantlyenhancedabilityofgettingindustrysupportingagricultureandurbanareassupportingruralareasAndruraldevelopmenthasalsoenteredanewstagewherethepoliciestoaidagricultureandbenefitfarmersarebasicallyformedandasystemframewoist,therewouldbenosurvivalguaranteetothewholesociety;withoutprosperousruralareas,therewouldbenostablefoundationforthewholesociety;withoutrichfarmers,thedevelopmentofmodernization,"12thFive-YearPlan",weshouldtakethereformanddevelopmentofcountrysideintotheconsiderationoftheoverallsituationofthecauseofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,andweshouldmakethearrangementunderthecircumstancesofdeepeneddevelopmentofindustrialization,urbanization,marketization,s17thNationalCongress,"greatbannerofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics",followtheguidanceofDengXiaopingTheoryandthethoughtofThreeRepresents,thoroughlyapply"ScientificOutlookonDevelopment",balanceurbanandruraldevelopment,andtakeissuesfacingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersasthetoppriorityofthePartyalconstructionasChinassocialandeconomicstrategicbasisforfurtherdevelopment,andtaketheprogressofintegratingeconomicandsocialdevelopmentinurbanandruralareasasmajorstrategyofChina"givingmore,takinglessandlooseningcontrol",deepenruralreformandpushforwardtheinstitutionalinnovation,taketheroadofagriculturalmodernizationwithChinesecharacteristics,promotethestabledevelopmentinagriculture,growthinfarmersincomes,strivetoguaranteethebasicsupplyofmainfarmproducts,solveproblemsaboutlivelihoodinruralareas,andmakeprogreevelopedproduction,affluentlifeandasoundecologicalenvironment,andrealizeruralandurbanbenigninteractivity,"12thFive-YearPlan",guaranteethepredominantstatusoffamershouseholdbusinessandacceleratethe"TwoTransformations"agementonthebasisofhouseholdcontractmanagementisthebasicmanagementsysteminChinasruralareasandthecornerstoneforthePartyreformandinnovationmustlieinthefactthatonthebasisofguaranteeingfarmersfamily-orientedcontractoperation,weshouldcombinetheseadvantagesoffamilysdecentralizedoperationwiththoseofunifiedmanagementandservices,acceleratethe"TwoTransformations"inthemodeofagriculturaloperation,suchashouseholdoperationtransformingtowardadoptingadvancedtechnologyandmeansofproduction,unifiedmanagementdevelopingtowardcooperationandco-managementwithfarmers,soastoformadiversified,sagriculturaldevelopments,thehouseholdmanagementdoesnotonlyapplytotraditionalagriculturewhichisbasedonmanuallabor,butisalsoinlinewithmodernagr,wedonothavetoworryabouttheissupractices,thesmall-sizedlandmanagementpatterndoesnotrepeltheapplicationofadvancedagriculturaltechnologies,suchashigh-qualityseeds,fertilizers,pesticides,irrigationtechniquesandsoon,anditisnotstronglyconnectedwithfarmerslandmanagement;Andfortheuseofagriculturalmachines,althoughthosefarmerswithscaledfarmingmaybelimitedtosomeextent,theycanstillrealizehighermechanizationandapplicationefficiencybypurchasingsuitableagriculturathatthereisnopossibilitytotaketheroadofdevelopedEuropeanandAmerimproveintensificationofhouseholdoperation,,theefficientpetty-farmereconomicregimeisthebasicsocialmechanismforthecountrieswithlargepopulationandlimitedfarmlandtoguaranteefarmersspecificnationalconditionswithahugepopulationandlimitedfarmland,theimprovementofagriculturalmodernizationwillmainlyfocusonconsistentfamily-orientedmanagementandtheprincipleoffarmlandonlyforagriculturaluse,encouragingconcentrationoflandtoprofessionalfarmers,guaranteeingfarmersoperationandbenefits,avoidingindustrialandcommercialenterprisesfromleasingfarmerscontractedfarmlandforlongtimeandinlargesize,sunifiedmanagementregimeandimprovethedegreeoffarmers,itisstillhardforChineseagriculturesunifiedmanagementandserviceregimetomeetrequirementsofmodernagriculturetractmanagement,,collectiveorganizationsatvillagelevelinsomedevelopedareaswithadequatefinancialresourcescanprovideunifiedservicetofarmers,butmajorityofcollectiveorganizationsatvillagelevelwithhumbleincomemaylevel,giveafurtherfullplaytocollectiveorganizationscapabilityatcountrysidelevelinaspectsofunifiedmanagementandservice,andreinforcethevillages,cooperativesasthestrategicmeasuresfunctionsinorganizingfarmers,implementingpoliciesandgearingupformarketaccordingtotheprincipleof"servingfarmers,givingfarmersrighttojoinandleavecooperativesonavoluntarybasis,,givingfarmersequalrightsandenactingademocraticmanagement".Weshouldreinforcethesupporttospecializedfarmerscooperatives,fulfillLawsofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonSpecializedFarmersCooperatives,supportthedevelopmentofspecializedfarmerscooperativesintheaspectsoffiscalallocation,taxpreference,financialsupportandsoon,enhanceitscapabilityandlevelofservingagriculturalindustry,andmakeittobethemodernagriculturalorganizationinguidisnon-profitagriculturalserviceorganizations,variouskindsofagriculturalsocializedserviceorganizations,industrialmanagementorganizations,andleadingenterpriseswiththeparticipationoffarmersforindustrializedoperationsallpla,promotereformandconstructionofagriculturaltechnologypopularization,strengthennonprofitservice,improveorganizationandserviceteam,establishfundprotectionmechanism,,givefullplaytotwomechanismscapabilitiesincludinggovernmentalguidanceandmarketdrive,quickencultivationofallkindsofagriculturessocializedserviceorganizations,andpromotecomprehensiveservicesinthefieldsofinformation,technology,purchaseandselling,finance,agriculturalmachinesandsoon.

        ByLuWei,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo109,sHigh-TechServiceIndustries:BasicStatusandDevelopmentTrendSincethe1980s,therapiddevelopmentofknowledgeeconomyhascultivatedlargenumbersofhightechnologiesandtheservicei,,thegrowingdemandforserviceoutsourcinghaspromptedtheemergenceofnewth,,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriesareemergingindustries,whicharestillin,Chinashigh-techserviceindustriessuchasinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftware,scientificresearch,%%evalueappreciationofservicetargetsandtheinternalservicesofsomeproductionenterprisesarenotstatisticallyincluded,thestatisticalad,withalargescale,alargebasenumberandagrowthratelowert~2007period,theaddedvalueofChinastertiaryindustrygrew17%annuallyonaverage;t%,whichwaslowerthantheaveragelevelofthetertiaryindustry;thatofscientificresearch,%,~2008period,theannualgrowthrateoftheinvestmentinfixedassetsintheindustriesofscientificresearch,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospectingwasction,thegrowthofChinashigtheintermediateconsumptionbyproducerserviceindustrieswasfallingwhilethecoefficientofthepersonalconsumptionwasrising(LiShantong,GaoChuanshengetal:DevelopmentofChinasProducerServiceIndustriesandUpgradingofItsManufacturingIndustry,ShanghaiTrinityBookstore,November2008).Themainreasonwasthatmanufacturin,becausetheseenterpriseswereencouragedtobecomeinnovators,cityandcompetitivenessExceptfortelecomandlargenetworkoperators,,Chinahadover20,000softwareenterprisesin2008,,eachenterpriseemed,,butitsInternetmarketiss,thetotalrevenueofChinamongtheworldtop10,thetoshigh-techserviceenterprisesarenotedforweakinnovationcapacity,andtheirshig,Chinassoftwareserviceindustryisoneoftheindu,theexportofChina,accountingforonly15%,mostoftheinvestmentsinhigh-techserviceindustriescomemainlyfromChinesesources,,mostoftheseinvestmentsareraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,foreign-controlledenterprisesaccountedfor13%ofallthe14,373softwareenterprisesinChina,and30%,90%oftheinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheindustriesofinformationtransmission,computerserviceandsoftwarewereraisedbyenterprisesthemselves,,%forthei%,accountingfor26%,technicalserviceandgeologicalprospecting,%oftheirinvestmentinfixedassets,,%ofthetotalinvestmentsinfixedassetsintheRDserviceindustry(Seethetablebelowfordetailedinformation).SourcesofInvestmentsinFixedAssetsinVariousIndustriesin2007(%)济源市虎岭产业集聚区消防站建设项目跟踪审计结果 澳门永利集团网投Chart1Theoveralljudgmentofenterpriseoperatorsovermacroeconomyfrom2001to2006(%)Thesurveyfindsthattheoverheatedeconomywassomewhatcooleddownin2,theeconomywasheatedupin2006asthecountryenteredthefirstyearofthe11thFi,coal,power,,%ofthesurveyedbelievedthatpetroleumshortagewas"evenmoreserious".Morethanhalfofthembelievedthatlandshortagewas"moreserious".Coalsupplywasbelievedto"tendtobebetterthan2005",butthosechose"moreserious"areover10%morethanthosewhobelievedit"tendedtobeeased".Likethepreviousyears,mostenterpriseoperatorsbelievedthattherailwaytransportshortage"didnotchangemuch".Iti,%ofthesurveyrespondentsbelievedthatthepowersupply"tendedtoimprove",;%believedthatthesupplyofsteel"tendedtoimprove."ndisinadequateThequestionnairesshowthatin2006,theinvestmentdemandfromthegovernmentsandprivatesectorsandexportdemandreachedthehighestlevelinthepastsixyears,,%oftherespondentsbelievedthatthegovernmentinvestmentdemandwas"verystrong"or"fairlystrong".Thosewhobelievedthatprivateinvestmentwas"verystrong"or"fairlystrong"%.Intermsofexportdemand,nearlyhalfofthesurveyedbelievedthatexportdemandwas"fairlystrong"or"verystrong".Ontheexportsituationsoftheirenterprises,41%believedthatenterprises"increased"exports;%"reduced",%believedthatthedemandwas"notsufficient"or"seriouslyinadequate","fairlystrong"or"verystrong".Thequestionnairesfindthattheconsumptionrosesteadily,,%ofthesurveyedbelievedthatthecapacitysurplusexistedintheirsector,butitwasnotserious,%,thecapacitysurplusproblemwasseriousintextile,%%.Thatistosay,nearly23%,%oftheenterprisescapacityutilizationislessthan75%;%andmorethan90%%and23%,pharmaceuticals,transportequipment,instruments,papermaking,plastics,%ofthemhavelessthanthree-fourthsofcapacityutilization....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------*Thisisafollow-upreportofthe"SurveyonChineseEnterpriseOperatorsquestionnaires2006".【解读】审计署2018年度审计工作报告解读 Chart1Theoveralljudgmentofenterpriseoperatorsovermacroeconomyfrom2001to2006(%)Thesurveyfindsthattheoverheatedeconomywassomewhatcooleddownin2,theeconomywasheatedupin2006asthecountryenteredthefirstyearofthe11thFi,coal,power,,%ofthesurveyedbelievedthatpetroleumshortagewas"evenmoreserious".Morethanhalfofthembelievedthatlandshortagewas"moreserious".Coalsupplywasbelievedto"tendtobebetterthan2005",butthosechose"moreserious"areover10%morethanthosewhobelievedit"tendedtobeeased".Likethepreviousyears,mostenterpriseoperatorsbelievedthattherailwaytransportshortage"didnotchangemuch".Iti,%ofthesurveyrespondentsbelievedthatthepowersupply"tendedtoimprove",;%believedthatthesupplyofsteel"tendedtoimprove."ndisinadequateThequestionnairesshowthatin2006,theinvestmentdemandfromthegovernmentsandprivatesectorsandexportdemandreachedthehighestlevelinthepastsixyears,,%oftherespondentsbelievedthatthegovernmentinvestmentdemandwas"verystrong"or"fairlystrong".Thosewhobelievedthatprivateinvestmentwas"verystrong"or"fairlystrong"%.Intermsofexportdemand,nearlyhalfofthesurveyedbelievedthatexportdemandwas"fairlystrong"or"verystrong".Ontheexportsituationsoftheirenterprises,41%believedthatenterprises"increased"exports;%"reduced",%believedthatthedemandwas"notsufficient"or"seriouslyinadequate","fairlystrong"or"verystrong".Thequestionnairesfindthattheconsumptionrosesteadily,,%ofthesurveyedbelievedthatthecapacitysurplusexistedintheirsector,butitwasnotserious,%,thecapacitysurplusproblemwasseriousintextile,%%.Thatistosay,nearly23%,%oftheenterprisescapacityutilizationislessthan75%;%andmorethan90%%and23%,pharmaceuticals,transportequipment,instruments,papermaking,plastics,%ofthemhavelessthanthree-fourthsofcapacityutilization....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------*Thisisafollow-upreportofthe"SurveyonChineseEnterpriseOperatorsquestionnaires2006".

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